Nuremberg, 04.09.2019

Three driving forces shaping the Major Domestic Appliances market

Despite difficult times for global trade, the Major Domestic Appliances (MDA) market had a good first half of the year. The market generated an overall value growth of 2.7 percent. For the full year for the global MDA market, GfK expects total sales of €182 billion. This is a growth of 2 percent. The main trends contributing to the growth are performance/capacity, simplification and borderless shopping. These are GfK's findings for the global MDA market to be released at IFA 2019 in Berlin.

Looking at the regions, in the first half of 2019, the MDA market experienced a recovery in Brazil (+13 percent) and a strong uptake in India (+10 percent). Europe remained on a growth track contributing to the biggest part of absolute Euro growth. However, a 6.2 percent decline in China was a major reason for the overall market slowdown. As China is such a large market, the other regions have struggled to offset its declines in market value. Therefore, looking at full year results in 2019, it is clear that market performance will depend on the fluctuating Chinese market and its trade tensions with the US.

There are however a few positive trends, including strong growth in Algeria (+35 percent), Poland (+12 percent) and +17 percent Hungary where subsidies for energy efficient appliances boosted the Hungarian market.

After taking a break from growth last year, the German market is currently improving its dynamic growth (+1.7 percent), and remains with a turnover of €3.9 billion in the first half of 2019 the third largest MDA market in the world.

Norbert Herzog, GfK expert for the MDA industry comments: “Size definitely matters for consumers when considering major domestic appliances. Capacity is a long-term driver of all major markets. This translates into increasingly larger loading capacities in washing machines, taller and wider refrigerators, and more spacious oven cavities. As an example, sales of washing machines with 9 kg or more capacity grew by 24 percent.”

Simplify my life

According to GfK´s Consumer Life survey, almost half (52 percent) of consumers globally agree with the statement ‘I am always looking for ways to simplify my life’. So reducing the time needed to carry out household chores is of particular value for consumers, and hence multifunctional and smart appliances are growing in popularity. With 13 percent turnover growth in 2019, washer/dryers are a prime example of this trend.

A more recent and substantial trend is steam-supported appliances which generate multiple use cases, from improved drying in dishwashers to fewer creases in laundry, to healthier cooking. Globally, steam-assisted products jumped to a growth rate of 41 percent in the first half of 2019. Currently China and India are embracing this trend, which promises future growth.

Smart appliances are usually equated with the benefit of simplification. All regions reveal strong growth in sales of smart appliances with the one exception – China. Looking at the global picture excluding China, smart appliances grew by 18 percent in turnover.

To develop this market, adoption barriers such as a lack of interoperability between branded smart devices, consumer concerns about data privacy, and lack of convincing use cases need to be addressed. Smart speakers may have the potential to deliver on some of these and make a smart home ecosystem easy to operate in the future.

Borderless shopping is the key to success

65 percent of consumers in GfK FutureBuy survey say they feel more empowered than ever before on their purchase journey. With the advent of online retail, shopping 24/7 has become the new normal and has enhanced consumer expectations of the buying experience. Consequently, purchase channels become less relevant, and the omnichannel approach is key to success.

But online is already a mature business with 20 percent value share of the total business. When excluding China, online retail is still growing by 11 percent, but the dynamic is clearly slowing down. Adding China to the equation almost eradicates the growth as this first mover market has plateaued, and now shows a decrease of 5 percent in the first half of 2019.

Connecting and promoting online to offline is the key to serving customers best. In Europe, traditional shops online sales boosted 39 percent in the past four years, surpassing the growth of online pure players who ‘only’ grew by 12 percent. This demonstrates the importance of creating borderless retail experiences.

Notes to Editors

GfK collects data on the sale of major domestic appliances such as washing machines, dryers, dishwashers, refrigerators, freezers, cookers and ovens, hobs, range hoods and microwaves in more than 80 countries worldwide through its retail panels. Unless otherwise stated, all numbers in this press release refer to the six months between January and June 2019 inclusive. Growth rate, in percent, refers to revenue compared to the corresponding previous year period. Major domestic appliances here refer to the market excluding air conditioners. All turnover figures in this press release is based on a fixed currency exchange rate.

During IFA 2019, GfK will be publishing press releases relating to IT, TV, Smartphones, Audio, Small Domestic Appliances, Major Domestic Appliances, Smart Home, Borderless Shopping and the Technical Consumer Goods Market. More information is available at

Meet GfK at IFA in Berlin, September 6 - 11, 2019:

Come and chat with our experts at IFA NEXT Hall 26 and in the GfK office at the IFA (Level 4, VIP2, Großer Stern).

About GfK

GfK connects data and science. Innovative research solutions provide answers for key business questions around consumers, markets, brands and media – now and in the future. As a research and analytics partner, GfK promises its clients all over the world “Growth from Knowledge”. For more information, please visit or follow GfK on Twitter:

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